All posts by: 360 Ecopackaging

Maritime packaging, Protection-and-padding, Transport and logistics

Maritime packaging and its characteristics

After more than 80 years of experience in the sector, we have assisted our clients in the great controversy and confusion generated by this term.

So, maritime packaging and its characteristics is the main topic of today’s post. What essential elements are need to be used to comply with the regulations

Maritime packaging

To talk about maritime packaging we must take into account two parameters: oxidation-corrosion and the geographical situation.

OXIDATION – CORROSION

If the material of the load to be transported is sensitive to corrosion and oxidation, such as metal parts without surface treatment or electronic equipment (among the most common), we have to pay attention to the type of packaging that we will use to prevent the deterioration of the merchandise.

Discover our anti-corrosion products here.

The high concentration of water, steam and saline compounds make it necessary to design a protection system  that maintains a neutral atmosphere and isolates the burden of these external factors.

Among the elements that we can use for this purpose, we can highlight the insulating systems such as aluminum bags, shrink wrapping or VCI and environmental dehydration systems such as moisture absorbing salts.

It is essential to select the best insulating system, which will depend on the load we transport. They can be combined with those of environmental dehydration, always having to assess in the latter what will be the correct material and quantity for the complete elimination of excess water vapor inside the packaging, since not all dehydrating salts have the same percentage absorption.

In addition, there are different ways to measure this ratio depending on the area in which we are. Here are some examples of the most standardized measures with their respective equivalences.

2. GEOGRAPHICAL SITUATION

Due to the international nature of transport and provided that the packaging has wood as a raw material, it is necessary to comply with the International Standard on Phytosanitary Measures NIMPF 15 or ISPM 15, only to export to countries outside the European Union. For this it is necessary that all packaging bears its corresponding marking and certificate (the latter when required by the phytosanitary protection agencies of the countries of destination. The standard does not make it mandatory, but in some cases they request it due to ignorance).

ISPM 15 processed wood requirements
ISPM15 processed wood

Therefore, in most cases the wooden packaging must be marked with the ISPM15 of the supplier, but this is not always the case. For example, if we take a cargo to Denmark by ship, we will need anti-oxidation protection for the merchandise, but we will not need the ISPM15 marking as it is an EU member country. On the contrary, if we export to Russia and do it by road, we will need another type of cargo protection that does not necessarily have to be anti-oxidation, although we must comply with the international norm NIMF-15 or ISPM 15 (it is the same).

Stowage techniques with wood
Maritime packaging, Transport and logistics

Stowage Techniques With Wood

Stowage techniques with wood and what requirements must be cumply with in order to be able to perform it correctly.

A correct lashing or securing of cargo is key when transporting cargo by sea, land or air. Therefore, in today’s post we will deepen in the different techniques:

Stowage techniques with wood
Stowage techniques with wood

First of all, we must take into account the international legislation required in phytosanitary terms, this would be the one corresponding to ISPM in section number 15.

Stowage techniques with wood
Stowage techniques with wood

This regulation governs the requirements that timber must meet in order to pass through customs controls in a foreign country other than the country of origin.

ISPM 15 regulations

Once we take this prerequisite into account, we define four basic types of wood blocking based on their position with respect to the load:

Nail blocking techniques

The Tm that holds a nail of about 10 cm depending on the friction is reflected, according to calculations of the IMO Model Course 3.18

In the European Guide, the number of nails to be used for fixing the loads is determined by:

Slippage prevented by nails

The nails will be placed with a separation of 2 cm, the slats being at least 10x10cm. We must also take into account the height of nailing for the calculation of the depth.

Stowage techniques with wood

We must take into account the requirements ISPM15 and the different methodology when it comes to carving the load, finally will fix this wood by nails with the guidelines marked above.

In conclusion, the stowage of wood is one of the most economical and simple methods when making a wrinkle.

Contact us at: info@360ecopackaging.com or visit our web here.

360Ecopackaging blog
Congratulations, Ecology, Folding packaging, Industrial packaging, Lashing & Dunnage, Maritime packaging, Physical and chemical protection, Protection-and-padding, Transport and logistics

Declaration of intentions

360 Eco Packaging emerged as a logical evolution and adaptation of a traditional family company, founded in 1939. Due to these experience and constant evolution, we have learned to adapt to the needs of the sector. Identifying and developing the most efficient packaging systems. Therefore, we can offer the customer a 360 degree service.

For all these reasons, this blog was born with a two-way character and with the real purpose of being a meeting place, where different profiles can find and debate about the multiple types of packaging that the market offers us.

We will analyse from the regulations required for the different types of packaging and transport, to the new technologies and materials that are currently being developed. With this we will try to put on the table as much information as possible, so that we can clearly define and select the best solution to the different needs that may arise in the world of logistics and transport.

In the next post we will study a litle introduction to NIMF 15.

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